In order to get a brief summary of the texts, one may look no further than the titles of the two stories. Both titles aptly sum up the important events that occur in the stories. The first story is entitled How Drupka Kunley bound the Demons of Bhutan and directed the Aged of that Land to the Path of Liberation. This story chronicles Drupka Kunley’s adventures as he defeats various demons of Bhutan. An enlightened Lama, Kunley is visited in a dream by a goddess who tells him to travel to Bhutan to fulfill a prophecy that “foretold the conversion” (121) of the people living there. On his way to Bhutan, Kunley is faced with a variety of demons, all of which he defeats with his penis (also called his Flaming Thunderbolt of Wisdom). In addition to converting all of the demons to the way of the Buddha, Kunley also assists many elderly people out of Samsara. Using many unconventional techniques such as obscene prayers, Kunley helps many of Bhutan’s aged reach enlightenment. In this way, Kunley fulfills the prophecy initially stated in the beginning of the story – he binds many demons and sets many of the elderly on the path to liberation.
The second story is called How Drupka Kunley instructed his Consorts in the Southern Valley. In this story, Kunley teaches the people of the Southern Valley about sexual practices, worship, and other tenants by which one should live. Kunley mostly uses his sexual advances as ways to instruct the people about his various truths. This is exemplified by many of the situations Kunley finds himself in, specifically in the sex that Kunley has with many maidens. Kunely eventually instructs all the people of the Southern Valley about ethics, sex, and worship.
While reading these texts, it is important to remember the title of the work where these stories come from: The Divine Madman. Through this title, one can see that there is acknowledgement of Kunley’s madness despite his divinity. These stories might have been told in order to highlight that the divine manifest themselves in a variety of ways; although one may seem insane, they could harbor some spiritual qualities. Additionally, these stories may have instructed people about various teaching of the Buddha in a clear, easy to understand fashion. By using the most basic human drive – sex – the stories can be relatable to everyone, thus making them easier to understand.
I did have a few questions while reading the stories. Obviously, sexuality is a huge part of both texts and the images used to describe male and female sex organs differed greatly. Kunley’s penis is constantly described as a mighty and powerful object that can fell demons, whereas the few descriptions of female vaginas describe them as gaping and weak. I wonder if these kind of descriptions contributed to the idea that women are beneath men. Additionally, Kunley describes women as constantly wanting sex and they always lust after a man. I thought this seemed pretty contradictory, since Kunley himself states that he “never tires of girls” (140). Throughout the stories, it seemed as if women’s lust for sex was a negative thing, whereas Kunley’s carnal desires were used as instructive tools. Where did this idea come from? Are stories such as these powerful enough to dilute the thinking of a whole community?